personal accident insurance

Classification of Burns: Types and Symptoms

Burns wounds are one of the most common household injuries. They are more than the burning sensation associated with the injury and are characterised by severe skin damage. The severity of the burn depends on the cause and how deeply your skin is hurt.

While you can treat minor burns at home, severe burns require immediate medical attention that may rack up an expensive hospital bill, which is why it’s important to purchase personal accident insurance to reimburse any expenses.

So, what are the types of burn, and what are their symptoms? Here are the different levels of burns:

First-degree burn

Also known as “superficial burns”, this type of burn causes the least skin damage as they only affect the outermost layer of skin. Symptoms of a first-degree burn are redness, minor inflammation and pain.

Although these symptoms often disappear once the skin cells shed after seven to ten days of healing, you should still see a doctor if the burn affects a large area of skin or if it’s on major body joints such as the knee or the shoulder.

personal accident insurance - AIG Malaysia

Second-degree burn

Burn wounds that extend beyond the top layer of the skin are called second-degree burns. When you have second-degree burns, your skin starts to blister and becomes red and sore. The affected areas may also appear wet.

It’s crucial to keep second-degree burn wounds clean and bandaged to prevent infection. These injuries also take a longer time to heal, and more severe wounds may even require skin grafting.

Third-degree burn

Third-degree burns need immediate medical care as its damage extends through every layer of the skin. You may expect this type of burn to hurt, but third-degree burns do not cause any pain due to nerve damage.

Depending on the cause of the burn, signs of third-degree burns include leathery skin texture, white or charred skin wounds and blisters that don’t develop. Never attempt to self-treat a third-degree burn.

Fourth-degree burn

This type of burn is the most severe. Not only does fourth-degree burns go through both layers of skin and the deep tissues, but it may also involve the bones and muscle. Similar to third-degree burns, you don’t feel anything in the affected area.

With a fourth-degree burn, the affected area may appear charred or white. Exposed bone and muscle tissue are also some of the symptoms. Fourth-degree burns are considered a medical emergency and must be treated as soon as possible.

Get treatment immediately

No matter what type of burn you receive, it’s important to get treatment as soon as possible for a better chance of recovery. Severe burns can lead to problems related to skin tissue, bones and organs, and may require surgery and physical therapy.

Not only does AIG personal accident insurance covers burn accidents, but it also covers natural disasters, fractures and more. Get insured now by clicking on